The Wet Nose Press Pet Blog

June 22, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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Why Ticks Can Be Extremely Dangerous For Your Cat

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During the summer season, the number of parasites such as fleas and ticks found in your feline friend’s body will increase significantly. Although a single tick is incapable of draining considerable amounts of blood from your cat’s body, a large number of ticks can cause your feline friend to suffer from anemia. Another reason why ticks are dangerous to your cat is that they carry dangerous diseases that can be fatal. Here are four tick-borne diseases that can infect your cat.

1. Cytauxzoonosis

Cytauxzoon is caused due to a parasite in the blood called Cytauxzoon felis, capable of infecting tissues and blood in cats. Within three weeks, your feline friend will hemorrhage and die. Bobcats usually carry these parasites and they are immune to them. However, if a tick bites a bobcat before it attaches on to your feline friend, it will suffer from cytauxzoonosis.

Symptoms

  • Anemia
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Dehydration
  • Depression
  • Jaundice
  • Lethargy
  • Pale gums

There is a cure for Cytauxzoonosis but it is effective in only 60% of the cats.

2. Babesiosis

Babesia felis, a parasite that causes Babesiosis, affects felines through ticks, animal bites, blood transfusion and if the mother is already carrying the parasite. Usually, it takes about two weeks to infect your feline friend. However, in the majority of the cases, the disease remains undetected for months to years.

  • Symptoms
  • Anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Lack of energy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mucous membranes are pale

You can cure this disease with a combination of anti-malarial and antibiotic medications. If anemia is severe, the vet will have to do a blood transfusion.

3. Ehrlichiosis

Ehrlichiosis is another tick-borne disease caused by Ehrlichia risticii and Ehrlichia canis. These organisms can kill the cells in your feline’s body. Ehrlichiosis is usually found in felines residing in North America, Africa, South America, and Europe.

  • Symptoms
  • Anemia
  • Bloated lymph nodes
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Depression
  • Diarrhea
  • Discharge from eyes
  • Fever
  • Inflamed and swollen joints
  • Lethargy
  • Mucous membranes become pale
  • Vomiting

To treat Ehrlichiosis, you may have to keep your feline friend in the hospital. The most common form of medication to treat the disease is antibiotics. If the symptoms are severe, blood transfusions and fluid therapy will be suggested by the vet.

4. Haemobartonellosis

Haemobartonellosis, another deadly disease spread by ticks, can be fatal to felines. Mycoplasma haemofelis, a group of microorganisms, infect felines after they feed on animals that carry these microorganisms. Mother cats are also capable of transmitting the disease to their little ones if they are suffering from Haemobartonellosis.

  • Symptoms
  • Anemia
  • Depression
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice
  • Mucous membranes become pale
  • Respiration and heart rate increases
  • Weight loss

To fight against haemobartonellosis, the vet will give antibiotics to your feline. Your cat will need to stay in the hospital till it recovers completely.

Ticks are extremely dangerous to your feline as they cause the above diseases. If you see a tick on your cat’s body, remove it immediately and get your feline checked by a vet.

June 21, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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Why You Need to Have a Cat First Aid at Home

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We always do our best to keep our feline friend healthy and safe at all times. However, even if you practice extreme caution, there is always a chance for the unthinkable to happen as cats let curiosity get the better of them. On top of that, by the time your feline receives professional medical help, the situation could have taken a turn for the worse. You need to have a cat first aid at home for the following reasons.

  • Event of injury
    As cats are highly curious, they tend to explore every inch of space available to them. As a result of this, they may end up in places that are extremely difficult to get down from. Also, other animals may enter and your feline friend may get into scuffles. In either case, your feline friend can get injured. While you need to take it to the vet as soon as possible, you can temporarily alleviate its pain or prevent the injury from getting worse.
  • Ingestion of harmful chemicals, foods, or plants
    Cats love to go through every nook and cranny of your house to find things that are interesting to them. Due to this, cats may gain access to chemicals and foods that are extremely dangerous to them such as rat poison, floor cleaning products, medicines, grapes, raisins, chocolate, and alcohol to name a few. Even if you keep these products locked away in a cabinet, there is still a risk of your feline friend discovering them by accident. Plants such Cyclamen, Castor Bean, Tulips, Spanish Thyme, and English Ivy are extremely toxic to felines. If you feline friend ingested any of these items, you need to take it to the vet immediately as every second counts. You can reduce the level of toxicity and severity by inducing vomiting with the help of hydrogen peroxide, usually found in first-aid kits.
  • Insect bites
    As there are insects all around us, there are chances of them biting your feline friend which can result in minor problems ranging from such as pain, itching, or swelling to major ones such as vomiting, facial swelling, difficulty in breathing or hives. If the problem persists, you need to take your feline friend to the vet as quickly as possible. A first-aid kit will make the entire process easier as you can temporarily help it before help arrives.

What should a cat first-aid contain?

A first-aid kit for cats should contain the following items:

  • Scissors with blunt ends
  • Gauze pads and rolls
  • Tweezers
  • Bandages
  • Adhesive tape
  • Sterile eye lubricant and eye wash
  • Blanket or towel
  • Saline water
  • Sterile lubricant that is water-based
  • Phone number for your vet and after hours vet
  • Hydrogen-peroxide
  • Anti-bacterial ointment
  • Splint
  • Antiseptic wipes
  • Cotton swabs and balls
  • Prescription medications

By investing in a first aid that has the following items, you will be able to save the life of your feline during emergencies!

June 20, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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What is the Lower Urinary Tract Disease in Cats

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Previously addressed as FUS or feline urologic syndrome, FLUTD or the Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease isn’t a typical disease but a medical condition which occurs in the bladder or urethra, the lower urinary tract in cats. Causes of FLUTD are very difficult to underline although a majority of cats suffer from this disease.

Signs of FLUTD

Generally, cats suffering from FLUTD will also undergo the following signs. Dysuria is the medical condition where cats go through difficulty in the smooth passing of urine, often causing irritation and severe pain. Pollakiuria- this disease inflames the urinary bladder or the urethra causing irritation and enhancing the need to piss more often.

Haematuria– sometimes, infection in the urinary bladder may cause blood to pass through urine.

Periuria– it is when cats urinate outside the litter box in unsuitable places. Due to inflammation or infection in the bladder, the cat feels irritated and unable to control the urine and is compelled to urinate at other places when the litter box is out of its reach

Stranguria– the blockage in the urethra is known as Stranguria where cats feel the urgent need to urinate but are unable to do so. Male cats are more prone to this disease as their urethras are longer and narrower.

Cats vulnerable to FLUTD

Research has shown that FLUTD affects 1-3% of cats each year. Due to a diverse range of causes cats of any age, gender or breed can fall prey to this disease.

Causes of FLUTD

Some of the common causes of FLUTD are as follows.

  • Urolithiasis- this refers to the formation of bladder stones, which is one of the most common causes of FLUTD
  • Infections- bacterial infection of the bladder or cystitis is cited as one of the most common causes of FLUTD where the lower
  • urinary tract of felines are infected
    Urethral plugs- this happens when there is an obstruction in the urethra of male cats due to the accumulation of organic debris like proteins, cells or minerals.

Treatment of FLUTD

If there are infections in the bladder, antibiotics are administered which relieves the cat of the disease. In the case of urethral obstructions, a catheter is passed through the urethra which relieves the obstruction. Sometimes bladder stones have to be surgically removed in cats to treat FLUTD. In other cases, therapy is provided as an alternative to surgery. There should be an increase in water consumption. Cats are encouraged to have plenty of fresh water and canned food as canned food contains more moisture content. Litter boxes should be washed and cleaned properly every time after use so that that cat may not catch infections.

 

 

June 19, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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How to Treat Some Common Worms in Cats

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Just like us, cats are also prone to various intestinal parasites such as worms. They are a primary health concern for cats of all ages, living in all kinds of environments. The majority of the cats that are infected by worms do not show any signs at all. These worms can cause serious health issues if they continue to remain in the cat’s body. Also, some of these worms are capable of infecting humans.

Symptoms

Cats that are infected by worms will exhibit the following symptoms.

  • Bloating or potbellied appearance at the abdomen
  • Bloody stool
  • Constipation
  • Coughing
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Worms visible in stool or near anus

However, these symptoms depend on the location of the infestation and type of parasite inside the cat.

Common types of worms in cats

The following worms are usually found in cats.

  • Roundworms

    The most common intestinal parasite in cats is roundworms. They have a spaghetti-like appearance and can grow up to three to four inches during adulthood. Kittens usually get them if they drink their infected mother’s milk. Adult cats generally get them from eating infected rodents or feces of infected felines.

  • Hookworms
    Smaller than roundworms, hookworms generally reside in the small intestine of cats. As they feed on the cat’s blood, they can cause anemia, a life-threatening problem in kittens. Their eggs can pass through feces and infect other cats either through skin contact or ingestion.

    Tapeworms
    Tapeworms are usually flat and have the capability to grow up to 28 inches in length. When cats are infected by tapeworms, they suffer from weight loss or vomiting. Tapeworms are acquired when cats eat infected rodents or fleas. Small segments of tapeworms are found at the rear end of the felines.

Also, there are chances of cats getting infested by lungworms. They primarily reside in the lungs of the cat. One of the symptoms of a lungworm infection is coughing although the majority of the cats do not show any symptoms. The common carriers of lungworms are slugs and snails. However, cats can get them if they eat infected rodents or birds.

Treatment

Regardless of whether your feline friend is infected by roundworms or not, you have to start the deworming treatment when they are three weeks old. Deworming should be done every two weeks till they are eight weeks old. After that, you have to treat them on a monthly basis till they are six months old. For adult cats, they should be dewormed every one to three months.

Tapeworms mostly infect older cats unless your kitten has fleas. To remove tapeworms in kittens, you have to use products that are effective against Dipylidium caninum. If adult cats have tapeworms, you have to treat them every one to three months with products that are effective against roundworms and tapeworms.

Although there are many products available in the market for deworming cats, you should always ask your vet for advice. The vet will tell you the dosage and which product is most effective.

June 16, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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The Best Meats to Feed Your Dogs

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Now, there is no debating the fact that dogs are omnivores. So, it’s obvious that they require some kind of meat as part of their diet. But, have you ever wondered what meats would be ideal for your dog? Well, if you have and are still looking for answers, we’ve got them for you.

Here are some suggestions from Dr. Bruce Syme (BVSc) of “Vets All Natural”

Beef

This is one of the more commonly available meat options for dogs. However, a lot of the “beef” that you buy for your dogs are actually part of a mix called a “meat meal”. Meat meals are made by combining non-saleable or non-useable body parts and grinding them and drying them at extremely hot temperatures.

However, it is better to serve your dog with farm grown beef as they have higher protein content. But, they also have more fat, which makes organic beef a better choice, provided, you’re willing to pay a little extra.

Kangaroo

Though kangaroo meat can be hard to get, it is the best meat option. It is nutritionally superior due to the low fat and high protein combination. Plus, it is also rich in minerals and vitamins. This is because kangaroos graze on all kinds of shrubs, grass, and trees.

But, since they aren’t farmed, supply can be limited, especially due to culling regulations.

Chicken

Chicken is the most commonly available meat option out there. The meat is heavily used in commercial pet foods due to the low costs associated with farming chickens.

However, chicken meat is not the best option if your objective is nutrition. This is because a lot of them suffer from vitamin D deficiency (as they are kept in coops throughout their life) and lack natural antioxidants due to their poor man-made diets.

So, unless, you have access to wild chickens, which are nutritionally superior, stick to the two above mentioned options.

Turkey

Turkey is another variety of poultry meat like chicken. But, it is relatively healthier than chicken meat. This is because it is 70% white meat and 30% dark meat. As a result, the protein content is higher and the fat content, lower.
Turkey meat is also rich in minerals such as phosphorus, zinc, iron, potassium, and vitamins such as niacin and B6.

Goat

Goat meat is one of the most widely consumed meat options. But, when it comes to pets, feral goat meat remains the ideal choice. It is also a nutritionally sound option due to the fact that it is lower in calories than pork/lamb/beef, lower in fat/cholesterol than chicken, and higher in iron content than beef.