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Cat breeds are a pretty rare topic of discussion. Unlike dog breeds, there isn’t a lot of considerations when it comes to different types of cats. Cat breeds also have fewer health concerns than dog breeds. There are still some factors to be considered when you’re caring for specific cat breeds as some cats may need a little more attention and veterinary care than others. Some feline breeds are more prone to health conditions than others and knowing which is which can help you in adopting and better taking care of your cat.
Just like how dog breeds have different categories, so do cat breeds. The Persian falls under the category ‘brachycephalic’. This category is for cat breeds that have a widened but shortened skull, making it look flat-faced. Because of its congested skull structure, this breed is more at risk of acquiring breathing problems and upper respiratory infections. There have even been some known cases where hair grew into the cat’s nose and eyes. This breed also more genetically prone to renal, cardiac, and kidney diseases, as well as skin, neurological, and reproductive disorders.
A recent Swedish study shows that the Siamese breed has a shorter lifespan when compared to other breeds. Siamese cats usually suffer from mammary tumors, are more prone to cancer, and have a higher chance of acquiring gastrointestinal diseases. Siamese cats can sometimes also face eye disorders that lead to blindness.
These cats have the highest rate of blindness when compared to other breeds. They suffer from a hereditary condition which causes the degeneration of their retinas. With the evolution of technology, these conditions have become easier to diagnose and the Abyssinian cats have become a much healthier breed.
The Himalayan breed was initially created by heavily breeding Persian cats and can, as such, suffer from many of the same genetic conditions. They are also more prone to polycystic kidney disease, which is a fatal disease affecting the kidney.
These hairless kittens are more prone to upper respiratory infections when compared to other breeds. The fact that they have no fur also puts them at risk for sunburns, skin cancer, skin infections, and hypothermia. These cats are also more at risk of developing a fatal heart disease called mitral valve dysplasia.
- Exotic Shorthair
This breed was created in the same way that the Himalayans were created – by heavily breeding Persians. They also suffer from the same genetic ailments and are also prone to developing PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease).
- Scottish Fold
These cats are more susceptible to cardiomyopathy as well as PKD. The breeding of these cats is also a hassle. Their ear folds have to be taken into account for healthy breeding to take place. When they’re bred wrong, they are put at risk of developing arthritis and other problems.
With the right care, proper treatment, and constant visits to the vet, all these cat breeds can serve as amazing pets.