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A regular estrous cycle is fundamental for the reproductive health of a cat. Your cat will be able to give birth to kittens if it has a normal reproductive tract, stable reproductive hormone levels, normal ova or eggs, proper placenta placements and other healthy reproductive functions.
Causes of Infertility in Cats
Let’s have a deeper look at some of the common causes of infertility in cats:
When your cat is experiencing irregular or absent cycles, then it is likely to have problems giving birth. There could be an absence of cycle or very long gaps between successive estrous cycles. If you do not see a willingness to mate by the time the cat is two years old, this may imply that she could suffer from reproductive problems. It could also mean that the cat is not showing her estrus symptoms upfront and it is thus being ignored.
Cat owners must understand that the initial few estrus cycles in your cat will not lead to quality fertilization. Therefore, breeding at this point might result in pregnancy. When your cat gets older, it might not have regular reproductive cycles and this can also lead to poor fertility or infertility. It is natural for a cat’s fertility to reduce after it is 8 years old.
Cats that have reproductive tract related congenital defects or other genetic abnormalities like intersex might be diagnosed as sterile. This is due to the tract being dysfunctional or non-functional and exhibiting blockages. Absence of primary structures of malformation could be other causes of infertility in feline creatures.
Some of the other common causes of feline infertility include:
- Hormonal imbalance/ deficiencies
- Poor stimulus at the time of mating
- Chronic endometriosis
- Abnormal ovulation
- Ovarian cysts
- Infections affecting the reproductive system
Symptoms of Feline Infertility
Some cat owners feel discouraged when they see the inability of their pet to reproduce. It is important to know that a single attempt at mating may not result in pregnancy. This isn’t necessarily a sign of infertility in your cat. However, if your pet exhibits a consistent inability to reproduce, then there is likely a medical issue that needs attention.
Some of the common symptoms of infertility in cats are:
- Conception failure
- Little or no willingness to mate
- Inability to mate
- No pregnancy after repeated mating
- Irregular mating cycles
- False pregnancy
- Late or early term loss during pregnancy
- Fetal re-absorption
Some of the popular treatments adopted by veterinarians for treating infertility in cats include hormone treatments, antivirals, antibiotics and/or other medicines, surgery and breeding management.