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Pets when raised with care and affection become members of the family. Just like caring for a family member, pets also require special attention. Cats are one of the most popular pets in the world. Cat owners should be wary of various kinds of early signs and symptoms of various kinds of cat diseases and medical conditions.
In the United States, cats make up for about 30% to 37% of the number of pets in American Homes and more than 30% of them are strays that have been adopted. Thus it becomes all the more important to take special care and notice for early signs of any disease. Mentioned below are signs and symptoms of some of the major diseases that cats can suffer from.
- Diabetes– Diabetes is a complex disease in cats that happens due to the lack of production of insulin or the inappropriate response to it. There are two types of diabetes that cats usually suffer from- Type I and Type II. Cats requires routine insulin therapy for survival. Some of the common symptoms of diabetes are change in appetite, loss of weight, increased frequency of urination, sweet-smelling breath, lethargy, dehydration and urinary tract infections. The causes of diabetes are not exactly known. Some of the factors that play a role are genetics, kinds of pancreatic diseases, certain kinds of medication and deposition of certain proteins in pancreas.
- Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)– Cats that are infected with the FIV virus do not show the symptoms until years into the initial infection. This disease severely weakens the immune system of cats and makes them vulnerable to various other diseases. Cats suffering from FIV are usually kept in isolated and safe environments that are free from physical and mental stress. Some of the common signs of FIV are enlarged lymph nodes, anemia and fever, discharge through the eyes and nose, disruption in urination and urinating habits, dental diseases, loss of hair and redness of skin, slow healing wounds and behavioral changes.
- Feline Leukemia Virus (FelV)– This disease was first documented in the 1960s and the isolated virus is a form of feline RNA retrovirus. This virus severely disrupts the immunity system in cats. This is one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases in domestic cats and also their subsequent deaths. Certain cats show symptoms of the disease at all whereas others show symptoms like poor condition of the coat, problems with eyesight, diarrhea and vomiting, changes in behavior, enlarged lymph nodes, seizures, reproductive problems in female cats, jaundice, respiratory problems and chronic skin conditions.
A lot of the diseases that feline pets suffer from have vaccines that are given at an early age. While adopting kittens it is always safe to be doubly sure and get them vaccinated.