The Wet Nose Press Pet Blog

July 13, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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White Teeth For A Healthier Dog!

Ever smelt the sting of bad breath every time your dog gave you a kiss? Ever notice that your dog’s teeth are not as white as you want them to be? Your dog’s teeth are as important to him as your own are to you. It’s time to make sure his mouth stays clean and healthy.

Several statistics show that over 80% of dogs suffer from anyone kind of dental disease even before they turn three years old. The veterinarian may be the one keeping your dog’s teeth in good health, but there are a few tips that you can follow at home to help out. This will drastically decrease the chances of your dog getting dental diseases.

Dental care for puppies

To help your dog to get used to you cleaning his mouth you’ll have to start early. Start when he is still a puppy.

A puppy will have a full set of his temporary teeth by the time he is eight weeks old. Make it a game and play with him. Use a soft toothbrush to gently brush his teeth while keeping his mouth open.

The temporary teeth will fall out by the time he is four months old. He’ll have his next set of teeth by the time he reaches seven months. These teeth will need more care as your dog will have them for the rest of his life.

Basic dental care for adult dogs

Bad breath is the first indicator of unhealthy teeth in dogs. If it gets worse, then your dog will start drooling and pawing at his mouth in irritation. He will also start having trouble eating his food.

You’ll need to keep several points in mind while cleaning your dog’s teeth. You need to first remember that like us, dogs also have different types of teeth for different purposes. Tartar does not accumulate at the same rate o all the teeth.

  1. Canines:

These are the large pointy teeth on the sides of your dog’s mouth. They are used for holding food or toys in place by your dog. Brushing is the best way to clean these teeth.

  1. Incisors:

These are the smaller front teeth and number 12 in total. These teeth are used while grooming and for biting softer foods. These also require brushing to be kept clean.

  1. Premolars:

Premolars are larger teeth located behind the canines. They are both sharp and multi-rooted. Dogs use them to cut large food items. These teeth also need to be brushed. You can also use dental food or chews to trick your dog into cleaning them himself.

  1. Molars:

This set is the largest of your dog’s teeth and the hardest to reach as they are located at the back of his mouth. These teeth help grind harder foods. Use dental foods to keep them healthy as brushing these teeth is harder. You can also mix additives that are designed to reduce tartar formation in his drinking water.

July 12, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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Five Human Foods That Can Kill Your Cat

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We as humans have evolved drastically from our primate ancestors. We are capable of consuming a large variety of food, most of which are lethal to other animals. So we have a tendency to forget that our pets cannot quite eat the same food as us. The next time you want to sneak either your feline companion a morsel from your table, remember to think twice about what you are giving them.

Here is a list of five foods that you should not be feeding your cats.

  1. Alcohol:

    Humans can consume alcohol up to a limit before it destroys our liver. The same cannot be said about your cats. Even a small teaspoon of alcohol can cause severe liver and brain damage that will kill your cat.

    And really, if you are considering feeding your cat alcohol, then you have no right taking care of him or her.

  2. Chocolate:

    Chocolate is a decadent treat for humans. It is not only sweet, but cocoa also contains a cocktail of enzymes that can act as an aphrodisiac in the right quantities. Is it a wonder that we give them as Valentine’s gifts?

    However, chocolate also contains theobromine that can cause heart problems, muscle tremors, and even seizures in cats. So please, find another way to show your cat that you love him or her.

  3. Coffee, tea and energy drinks:

    Coffees, teas, and energy drinks are strong wake-me-ups for those dull days. However, make sure to keep your cat away from those half-full mugs on your counter or table. These beverages contain caffeine that is a strong stimulant. While it works wonders energizing a human’s muscles, it will cause hyperventilation, respiratory problems, heart palpitations and muscle tremors in cats.

  4. Fat trimmings, raw meat, raw eggs and raw fish:

    Domesticated cats have very sensitive digestive systems due to years of breeding. Most hard foods tend to put a severe strain on the cats and cause severe problems. Foods like fat trimmings, raw meat, raw eggs and raw fish can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and pancreatitis in cats. These foods also carry with them a risk of carrying Salmonella or E. coli bacteria that can cause severe food poisoning.

  5. Onions and garlic:

    Onions and garlic are very minute quantities may not carry much risk to your cat. However, if your cat happens to consume an entire clove of garlic or green onion, it can lead to digestive problems and food poisoning. Regular consumption can even cause anemia. Just add a few drops of sauces that contain onion or garlic to your cat’s regular food. However, it is better if you are on the safer side and just got rid of onion and garlic from your cat’s diet.

July 11, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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Can I Preserve My Dog’s Immunity without Vaccinations?

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Yes! In fact, you can preserve and enhance your canine’s immunity without vaccinations. This alternative immunity booster is called immunonutrition. Immunonutrition refers to trace elements, minerals, vitamins, and macronutrients that influence antibody production, resistance to diseases, white blood cells, and inflammatory processes. Due to its positive effects in these areas, immunonutrition preserves and enhances the immune system of your canine.

Immunonutrition started off with the study of malnutrition’s effects on the insufficiency of the immune system. Due to significant advancements in healthcare for pets, malnutrition is no longer the primary reason for the decrease in immunity. Around 70% of your canine’s immunity system comes from its gut. Because of this, the immune cell receptors found in the GI tract is the best platform for preserving and enhancing the immune system of your canine through diet.

Nutrients to boost and preserve immunity

By providing these basic and essential nutrients, you will be able to boost and preserve your canine’s immunity system:

Amino acids and proteins

When you add Arginine, an amino acid, to your canine’s food, it increases the immune function of the T-cell. T-cell is extremely important to your canine’s immune system as it helps in effectively responding against cancerous cells and pathogens. It isn’t clear how much Arginine is present in commercial and processed dog food. However, chicken, eggs, and salmon are great sources for Arginine.

Essential fatty acids

Arachadonic acid (AA) is one nutrient commonly found in the majority of the cheap commercial pet foods. Low inflammation is a primary and common finding in most chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and arthritis, which affects dogs. Rather than feeding cheap commercial foods, you should feed your dog high-quality pet food. You can improve and boost your canine’s immunity by adding omega-3 fatty acid in its diet. Omega-3 fatty acid reduces prostaglandins production, which reduces inflammation throughout your canine’s body.

Minerals and vitamins

Most canine owners would have heard of free radicals, the damage they cause to the canine’s cells and how it increases the occurrence of diseases. When your canine is under stress or sick, the production of free radicals will increase significantly. Antioxidants such as zinc, selenium, vitamins E, C, and A protect your canine’s body from free radicals. You can feed your canine fresh fruits, vegetables, seeds, and raw nuts as they are rich in antioxidants.

Besides feeding your canine a diet with nutrients to improve and preserve its immunity, you also need to maintain your canine’s physical condition and weight. Excess fat will make the immune system weak, which makes it all the more important to burn excess fat. If you have any queries regarding this topic, feel free to leave a comment below.

 

July 10, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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Put This in Your Dog’s First-Aid Kit When Going for a Hiking Trip

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If you are planning on going for a hiking trip and you want to take your canine along, you have to pack a first aid kit in your bag. Although canines are resilient and smart, they are just like human beings. During hikes, canines may encounter hazards and get injured. As a responsible canine owner, you need to put these eight things in your dog’s first aid kit when going for a hiking trip.

  1. Bells, lights, and whistles

    Bells and lights are extremely useful when you are doing night-time treks. During the darker hours, you can fit bells and lights into your canine’s collar so that you can see and hear where it is at all times. If your canine is losing its way, you can blow the whistle to get it back on track.

  2. Food and treats

    Just as how you pack extra snacks for emergencies, you need to do the same for your canine. If your canine’s energy begins to drop off or if the trek is taking longer than expected, you can give it some food or doggie treats.

  3. Heavy-duty bandages

    Minor cuts and scrapes won’t hold your canine back while trekking but a deep cut will require immediate first aid. When you want to cover a deep wound, you need to have heavy-duty bandages that will last the entire hike.

  4. Pliers

    You will never know what you will encounter with during a trek through the woods. Your canine may carry thorns from various bushes or porcupine quills or even the stings from insects. With a plier, you will be able to remove these items without a problem.

  5. Rubber gloves

    When you are trekking, it is most likely that your hands will be dirty due to the environment. If you need to tend to your canine’s injury, you need a clean pair of hands. As you can’t waste precious drinking water to clean your hands, the next best option is to use rubber gloves.

  6. Styptic Swabs

    The creator of styptic swabs must have been a canine owner as it is one of the best first aid equipment you can get for your canine. If your canine tears its claws, you can use styptic swabs to stop the bleeding. Just a dab on the cut will seal the area instantaneously.

  7. Saline

    When you go for a trek, there will be a lot of foreign things in your canine’s eye such as dirt, insects, and skunk spray to name a few. A small bottle of saline can be used to clean your canine’s eyes completely.

  8. Water and water bowl

    Carrying water and water bowl is a must when you are going for a trek. If you want to save on space, you can purchase a collapsible water bowl. Also, always take more water than the actual needs of your canine.

Always put these eight items in your dog’s first aid kit when going for a hiking trip. If you have any queries, please leave a comment below.

July 7, 2017
by Lynn Merton
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Why Worms are so bad For Your Dog and How to Treat Them

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Five types of parasites or more commonly known as worms are problematic as they infect dogs. There are heartworms, hookworms, roundworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. The type of worm that will infect canines depends on the area you live. Here is why these worms are so bad for your dog.

Roundworms

Roundworms usually spread during pregnancy or in feces or nursing and are capable of causing serious problems in dogs. If puppies get infected by roundworms, it can be fatal. As roundworms eat the food of your canine, it can cause the following symptoms:

  • Belly pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Dull coat
  • Potbelly
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss

Hookworms

Hookworms usually live in the canine’s small intestine and suck the host’s blood. Adult canines get hookworms when they clean themselves or through its skin. These worms pass on to the puppies if their mother is infected. Canines that have hookworms exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Coughing
  • Diarrhea
  • Inflammation of small intestine
  • Lining of ears, lips, and nostril become pale
  • Poor appetite

If canines don’t receive treatment for hookworms on time, it can be fatal.

Heartworms

Heartworms infect canines when mosquitos bite them. Hookworms can grow up to 14 inches and live in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs and the heart of the canine. When heartworms infect canines, they cause the following symptoms:

  • Allergic reaction
  • Bulging chest
  • Difficult or rapid breathing
  • Dry and soft cough
  • Nosebleed
  • Lethargy
  • Seizures
  • Weight loss

If the canines don’t receive treatment for heartworms, they will attack the heart and block the flow of blood. As a result of this, the canines will collapse, suffer from shock and their red blood cells get destroyed. Within a few days, the infection will prove fatal.

Whipworms

The area where large and small intestines meet is where you will find whipworms. They feed on their hosts by sucking their blood. Canines pick them up by grooming or from contaminated soil. Whipworms can cause the following symptoms in canines:

  • Anemia
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Dehydration
  • Large bowel inflammation
  • Weight loss

Whipworms cause serious problems when there is a large number of them.

Tapeworms

When canines swallow fleas or lick themselves, they can get infected by tapeworms. Tapeworms attach to the intestine and absorb the nutrients of the canines. Tapeworms are made up of tiny segments that are as big as a grain of rice. There are no signs of infection when tapeworms infect canines. However, on rare occasions, the following symptoms can be observed:

  • Diarrhea
  • Distended abdomen
  • Irritability
  • Lethargy
  • Poor skin or coat
  • Weight loss

Treatment

The type of treatment given by the vet depends on the worm infecting the canine. Fenbendazole and Pyrantel pamoate is used to treat hookworms and roundworms. To treat tapeworms, the vet will give Epsiprante and Praziquantel. For whipworms, the canine will receive Febantel and Fenbendazole. If the canine has tapeworms, Epsiprantel, Fenbendazole, and Praziquantel are effective.

Always consult the vet before giving any medications to your canine. If you have any queries, feel free to leave a comment below.