March 13, 2019
by Lynn Merton
Image Credits: Pixabay
Every dog owner must have gazed in wonder at the dog chewing
blissfully at its bone. For a canine, nothing can be a better sedative. It is
strange that a dog will continue to chew the bone even if there is no meat on
the bone. It not only chews it but also crushes it. The end of the meal will
see most of the bone disappearing within its body. It is puzzling to see that
an animal loves a thing which has zero nutrition value. The dog loves the bone
so much that it can spend hours consuming it.
Fat is important
The answer lies in the annals of history when humans first
domesticated dogs. The clue lies in the sites located in New Mexico where bison
bones were discovered. The bisons concerned was hunted down around 1450 AD. The
hunters, the archaeologists discovered, left the female bison alone but took
away the meat of the male bison. A little more investigation found out that the
kill happened not during the winter time-the customary bison hunting season,
but during the spring. Female animals killed during spring does not taste well
as the fat content in their body is found to be less. The female bison was
probably pregnant and severely stressed resulting in a lower quantity of fat in
the body. The herbivores live off their fat reserves, and the fat content of
both male and females are much reduced. A diet consisting of only protein for
predators is inadequate for the calories needed to sustain the body. There is
also the chance of protein poisoning. This is why the hunters took away the
male bison’s meat and not the female herbivore’s.
Bone marrow helps to survive
All of these leads us to
the answer of why dogs love to chew on bones. The changes in season affect the
ready availability of plants and vegetables which are eaten as food by
herbivores. The latter in turn are prey to carnivores. Bones are essentially
fat reservoirs. The marrow of the bone is rich in fat, and this keeps the
animal alive at a time when there is a lack of food. Bone marrows are nearly 50
percent fat in composition. There is also the presence of bone grease, the
chemical which bonds the essential calcium to the bone. For a predator who
caught its prey at a particularly bad time of the year, then the bone marrow
becomes an invaluable fat source. This fat literally multiples the nutrition
capability of the prey. For a carnivorous animal like a dog, the bone grease,
to its genes, make the bridge connecting life and death. You should always give
the raw bone to your dog and not a cooked one with no fat.
March 12, 2019
by Lynn Merton
Image Credits: Pixabay
When it comes to awareness, a transgender dog does not exist. The main qualification to be a transgender is to make sense of one’s own gender which is not linked to the sex of the body. Canines do not have this awareness. There are many instances, however, when owners have found their dogs to be so, and the animals subsequently had gender reassignment surgery. There is a good reason owner have felt their dogs to be transgender.
One example can be given of a British couple who adopted a
female puppy. They soon figured out that their puppy is exhibiting unusual
behavior. Since it was trained to urinate in a female position, it did so
inside the house. However, it did the same deed in the male position when
outside. When the owners took the dog to the veterinarian, the specialist told
them it could be a hermaphrodite, meaning the dog has both female and male
genitalia. Later investigation led to the realization that it was an intersex
dog. Canines of this kind whine more and lick their bodies more than other
dogs. These dogs also urinate in the male position even though it appears like
Training and maturity
If your dog is intersex, do not worry. The innate nature of
a dog depends on how it got raised and trained. A canine can be affectionate or
aggressive. It depends on the environment within which the dog was brought up.
Any dog’s behavior depends on its training. The sex of the dog, however,
affects its rate of learning. The female dog is smarter and learns quickly.
They are smaller compared to male dogs and reach maturity earlier. It is easier
to train a female dog than a male one. Do understand that training has nothing to
do with intelligence but depends on maturity. Since females mature faster, they
are also much easier to train. Start training your dog when it is still a
puppy. If it has not been neutered or spayed, then do the procedure as quickly
More than we expected
It is not unusual in the
animal world to have some animals which can change sex between genders and have
both male and female characteristics. It is to be kept in mind that the male
and female sex could overlap both in humans and in animals. Dogs cannot be an
exception. Animals which can change their sex do this through a process termed
sequential hermaphroditism. Three outcomes can be done in this regard:
protogyny where females change into males, protandry where males turn into
females, and where a living thing is born both male and female and has the
power to assume any sex later in its life. The last can be observed in fishes.
March 11, 2019
by Lynn Merton
Image Credits: Pixabay
The chances are that your cat is suddenly acting aggressive and actively defending its territory. As an owner, it is your responsibility to keep it calm. Bringing home another new cat when you already have one may involve some time until the cat tolerates each other.
More territorial than dog
A cat’s territorial behavior can manifest in multiple ways
due to various reasons. It is to be noted that cats are much more territorial
compared to dogs in their nature. The feline species is also more solitary. The
characteristics of territorial behavior include stalking, attacking other cats,
hissing or marking by urine. If you brought in a new cat, keep the new feline
separate for some time. It is a good idea to switch the bedding of the two cats
so that they can smell each other. They will then sniff in other places like under
the doors to get to know each other.
The presence of territorial behavior in cats is much more
severe than dogs as felines fiercely guard their territory. A cat regards all
newcomers as intruders or invaders. The invader could be a new cat in the house
or a stray cat ambling outside. Felines are also much pickier. Your cat may
like one cat but dislike another. Non-neutered male cats can be specifically
territorial. It is thus crucial that you neuter or spay your cats. Even a
friendly and social kitten could become a territorial cat when it matures. To
avoid such scenario, socialize the kitten from three to 12 weeks of age. Put it
in many situations and even those which involves going out of the house. It
should not hesitate to go anywhere.
Search for professional help
If your kitty suddenly becomes extremely territorial, like
showing aggression towards all, do take it to the veterinarian as soon as
possible. The medical professional can help out to iron any health issues. It
is found that aggression masks underlying health problems. If you have not
neutered or spayed your cat, do it now. Neutering or spaying goes a long way to
eliminate aggression. One non-neutered or non-spayed cat can affect all pets
within the house.
Whatever you do, you must not permit your kitty to fight
other cats. Felines are not canines. Dogs may resist at first, but soon a truce
between dogs come into play. This never happens for cats. The more cats fight,
the worse the problem becomes. If you see your cat fighting with another cat,
use a whistle or throw water to separate them. Do not physically get yourself
between two feuding cats. You may end up getting hurt. Never punish your cat
for territorial behavior. Doing this will make the cat much more aggressive. In
case the problem continues, there could be a need to separate the cats. Seek
professional help to solve such feline behavioral issues.
March 8, 2019
by Lynn Merton
Image Credits: Pixabay
Your dog can suffer from a wide range of foot pad injuries from lacerations to blisters, ulcers, punctures, and burns. You should be aware of the surface on which your dog walks on. Concrete, to give an example, could be rough. It heats up swiftly during hot or warm weather. The foot pads of your dog can also be injured if it walks on sand, rock, and gravel. The standard clinical signs include limping, bleeding, or licking the foot.
of dogs’ feet come with specialized skin. This skin is much different
from the rest of the dog’s anatomy. Broken nails, cuts, and scrapes
need specialized treatment. Even though injuries can happen anytime,
a few steps can be adopted to reduce risks. These include using
proper gear for specific environments and keeping the paw pads of the
dog moisturized. As a dog owner, it makes an excellent practice to
keep your dog’s nails trimmed.
paw pad injuries may not involve trips to the veterinarian. However,
if you are afraid, or unsure, do not hesitate to call the medical
professional. The list of symptoms associated with paw pad injuries
include blisters, raw, or inflamed parts and the dog will limp. There
will be loose flaps of scarred skin on the paw pads, and your dog may
refuse to walk. The canine would suddenly engage in chewing or
licking its affected paw. There would be uncharacteristic pulling as
take care of your dog at home if the abrasions are mild. The standard
way to treat foot pad pain is to rinse the foot in question under
cool water gently. This is done to remove debris. An antibacterial
solution or ointment should be then applied. Neosporin is a favored
choice of many. The final step involves placing a clean non-stick
telfa pad over concerned footpad and then lightly wrapping the same
with an ace bandage or a vet wrap. This bandage must be kept dry and
clean at all times. It should be changed every day until your dog’s
pads are completely healed. Take the dog to the veterinarian if there
is bleeding from the paw pads or excessive blistering. The damage to
the webbing between the toes and the presence of cracked nails
demands an immediate visit to the veterinarian.
few foot injuries cannot be prevented, you should not allow your dog
to walk over rough or jagged surfaces. Hot surfaces are also not good
for your dog to walk upon. It is an excellent idea to make your dog
wear protective footwear if it is not possible to avoid such
surfaces. Your veterinarian will look into foot pad injuries more
seriously as these do not heal quickly like regular skin.
March 7, 2019
by Lynn Merton
It is okay
if your cat is always sleeping. Most cats spend their daytime
sleeping. They reserve their energy for night-time playing and
hunting. Since you must sleep at night, you should make your cat play
during the day too. The playing activity will make your cat tired,
and both of you can sleep without any disturbance.
for health issues
if your energetic cat suddenly seems to be uninterested in playing
games, and does not look towards toys, take it to the veterinarian.
There could be health issues involved in making the cat lethargic.
If your cat loves to stay indoors, it is your responsibility to give
it exercise. Your job is to stimulate it so that the cat exercises.
To do this, you have to change the immediate environment.
the correct toy
find toys which your cat likes. This is tricky as each cat has a
unique taste and all are picky. It is not sufficient to have a house
filled with cat toys. Your cat would like a particular toy and
exclude all others. To understand what to buy, carefully observe your
kitty. If it is unmoved by a mechanical mouse but jumps up when it
sees a dangling toy, you know what to buy. Do not hesitate to buy a
few kinds of toys to find out the kind of toys it likes best.
It is not
enough to buy your cat toys. You must play with it too. This is
critical to make your lazy cat an active animal. The toys are fun,
but your cat will be joyous if you play with it. Buy a laser pointer
and switch it on to activate the natural prey instincts of your cat.
A wand toy is also a good buy in this regard. Hide the toy sometimes
to encourage your cat to search and hunt. Give a treat at the end. It
will make the cat feel that he has hunted down the prey. Buy a few
battery operated toys; these are excellent if your kitty loves to
pounce on things. Some battery toys can be set with a timer so that
they become active even when you are not at home. You can give food
puzzles to your cat so that the kitty’s meal times are not only
delicious but adventurous too.
premium quality food for your cat. Giving it cheaper food mean it
does not get all the nutrients needed to be active and healthy. Speak
to the veterinarian about your kitty’s particular dietary
requirements. Get suggestions on what type of food would be the best
for your cat. Remember to give your furball enough water as
dehydration leads to lethargy.